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Treatment of Anal Fissure with Botox

Treatment of Anal Fissure with Botox
Botox (botulinum toxin type A) is widely used in the treatment of lines and wrinkles such as glabellar lines between eyebrows, forehead lines, and crow’s feet. In addition to cosmetic use, Botox is also effective against a number of medical conditions. This includes blepharospasm (associated with dystonia), strabismus, excessive sweating (severe axillary hyperhidrosis), spasticity in cerebral palsy and spinal injuries, overactive bladder, cervical dystonia, and urinary incontinence (resulting from detrusor overactivity associated with neurologic conditions such as multiple sclerosis). Due to its muscle relaxant properties, Botox is also suitable for the treatment of anal fissures. Botox acts in the muscles around the back passage (anus) to decrease muscle tension. This helps to relieve pain and promotes blood flow to the fissure, allowing it to heal naturally. Botox is generally indicated for patients who respond inadequately to conservative treatments such as laxa ...

Hyaluronidase Protocol: Usage, Treatment and Side Effects

Hyaluronidase Protocol: Usage, Treatment and Side Effects
The medical aesthetics industry is growing rapidly. Hyaluronic acid dermal fillers are so popular that many training conferences are held across the country (where practitioners learn how to administer fillers). However, the administration technique is only one of the many aspects of filler treatments. When using an injectable filler, it is important to have a good understanding of both physiology and anatomy. At the same time, it is important to consider other issues such as aftercare and the management of complications. It is not uncommon for doctors to seek advice on complication management from networking groups or support forums. It is worrying to see how many doctors do not have the expertise and confidence to manage side effects related to fillers. Inappropriate management of complications can potentially harm the patients. In this article, we will discuss about the protocols of hyaluronidase administration, and the importance of using appropriate protocols in hyalu ...

The Rheology of Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Fillers

The Rheology of Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Fillers
Hyaluronic acid dermal fillers Hyaluronic acid fillers are composed of long chains of HA. Most of them contain hyaluronic acid that has been cross-linked with chemicals such as 1,2,7,8-diepoxyoctane (DEO), divinyl sulfone (DVX), and 1,4-butanedioldiglycidyl ether (BDDE). In some formulations, hyaluronic acid is suspended in a phosphate-buffered or physiological solution. These products are then processed as a suspension of particles in gel carriers or a homogeneous gel. Due to the different manufacturing methods, hyaluronic acid fillers vary greatly in their properties, such as concentration, the size of particle, and degree of cross linking. Ultimately, these properties will influence the performance and effectiveness of the dermal filler. Hyaluronic acid chains are linked together by hydrogen bonds, forming highly stable complexes. The minimal use of chemicals in the manufacturing process helps to reduce the risk of allergy. Based on their particulate forms, hyaluro ...