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What causes acne scars?
Acne affects most individuals as point during their life, whether it’s during their teenage years or well into adulthood. Unfortunately for some people, acne pustules can form nodules and cysts that cause further damage to the skin. When the skin is damaged during the healing process of acne inflammations, scars are left behind. Genetics plays a large role in whether scars appear or not, and these scars always take 2 forms: atrophic or hypertrophic. The type of scar that develops depends on whether collagen is lost or gained during the healing process, with atrophic scars appearing when there is a loss of collagen, and hypertrophic or keloid scars forming when there is a net gain of collagen. About 80–90% of scars are atrophic, which appear as depressions in the skin. Atrophic scars can be classified further into 3 subtypes: ice pick, rolling, and boxcar scars.
Can acne scars be treated?
Many people are self-conscious about the appearance ...
What are smile lines?
Smile lines, sometimes referred to as laugh lines, parenthesis, or nasolabial folds, are the lines that appear around the mouth as we get older. They get their name because they appear when we smile, though when we’re young they disappear when our face is at rest. As the aging process starts to take its toll on our skin, these lines will begin to appear permanently, sticking around even when the face is not making any expressions. Unfortunately, these lines are pretty much inevitable, though a proper skincare and sun care routine, coupled with a good diet and staying hydrated, may help the skin look more youthful for longer.
Why do smile lines appear?
There are a number of factors that contribute to the development of smile lines. Sun damage is 1 contributor, as it speeds along the process of aging, as do certain external factors such as smoking. Genetics also play a role in whether or not smile lines appear, or how prominent they may appear. ...
Over the years, botulinum toxin (Botox) injections have been successfully used in reducing the bulky appearance of the masseter muscle and contouring the mandible area. Masseter muscle reduction with Botox was first introduced in 1994. However, it has not gained enough attention due to the rarity of the condition among Caucasians, who already have long, narrow faces.
The growing demand for the procedure was driven by Asian countries, such as South Korea. Asians tend to have shorter and wider faces. Asian women dislike a square jaw because it accentuates a wider face, which they deem unfeminine. In some patients, large masseter mass is secondary to hypertrophy. Although it can be a normal anatomic variant, it can also be the result of bruxism and long-term dental problems.
The off-label use of botulinum toxin for posterior mandible contouring is fairly new in the United States. The contour of the mandible plays a big role in the overall beauty and youthfulness of the ...