June 18th 2018 - General Public
The aging process of the perioral area
There are a number of factors involved in the aging process of the perioral area, which is located around the mouth. Generally, this area is greatly affected by the loss of hyaluronic acid and collagen in the skin, which is a result of intrinsic aging. In addition, this area may be disturbed by the natural loss of subcutaneous fat, which can reduce overall volume, as well as the loss of supportive bone density in the mandible. Extrinsic factors, such as UV exposure and smoking, also play an important role in skin aging, causing damage to the skin’s texture, elasticity, and structure.
Main concerns of patients
One of the main concerns in the perioral area is buccal fat descent, which subsequently causes marionette folds. Additionally, patients are concerned about perioral lip lines, which could arise from the constant pursing of the lips. Apart from that, patients are also often bothered by nasolabial folds, smoker’s lines ...
In Asia, it is very common to use botulinum toxin to treat masseter hypertrophy and augment the lower face. Asian women, in general, prefer an ovoid facial shape than the square one. In this article, we will discuss masseter hypertrophy, and the effectiveness of bruxism and masseter hypertrophy treatments. In particular, we will discuss about the role of botulinum toxin in the non-surgical treatment of masseter hypertrophy, and the use of botulinum toxin type A as an adjunctive therapy of bruxism.
Being one of the main principle muscles of chewing (mastication), the masseter muscle is vital to adequate mastication. Masseter muscles play an important role in the overall aesthetics of the face. Hypertrophied, enlarged masseter muscles can alter the facial lines, negatively affecting the overall facial aesthetics. Masseter hypertrophy can potentially cause a square facial shape and asymmetry. A square facial shape is often regarded as a masculine feature and general ...